What Mushrooms Grow on Oak Trees.
If you find yourself in an oak grove, you will titinada be left without mushrooms. What mushrooms that grow under oak trees, and what on oaks
Mushrooms that grow under oak trees are some of the most delicious and unique found in the forest. The mycelium of these mushrooms grows down into the nutrient-rich soil below the tree’s bark. These small fungi have a wide variety of flavors, from mild to earthy and spicy.
Mushrooms That Grow Under Oak Trees
Mushrooms that grow under oak trees are some of the most popular types of mushrooms because they have a strong, earthy flavor and are often easy to find.
List of Mushrooms That Grow Under Oak Trees:
- Milkcaps mushrooms
- Lactarius fuliginosus
- lactarius citriolens
- Lactarius azonites
- Lactarius acerrimus
- Lactarius pallidus
- Russula aeruginea
- Russula amethyst, Russula bluish
- Russula delica
- Russula mustelina
- Russula fellea
- Russula xerampelina
- Russula virescens
- Lactarius hygrophoroides
- Lactarius zonarius
- lactarius deliciosus
- Lactarius mellow
Hat ∅ 4-8 cm, flat-convex at first, becoming more and more concave with age, with an uneven surface. The skin is dry, brownish in color, with darker concentric, sometimes indistinct zones.
The plates are frequent, narrow, thin, and slightly descending along the stem.
Spore powder from cream to pink spores 8.5 × 7.5 µm, almost rounded, folded, amyloid.
Leg 3-6 cm in height, ∅ 0.5-1 cm, cylindrical, solid, then hollow, dense, brittle, of the same color with a nama, darker at the base.
The flesh is dense, brittle, whitish in color, then brownish, with a very peculiar hay smell and a weak taste.
The milky juice is not abundant, non-caustic, watery-white, and does not change color in the air.
The color of the cap varies from brick-buff to light brownish. The plates turn brown with age and become covered with rust-colored spots.
Forms mycorrhiza exclusively with oak. It occurs frequently and abundantly, preferring broad-leaved and mixed forests with oak, around old trees, in grass and on litter, often in groups.
Season: from the beginning of July to the end of September (massively in the last ten days of July and from mid-August to mid-September).
- Serushka (Lactarius flexuosus) is distinguished by buffy plates and a gray-pink or gray hat.
- Milky milky (Lactarius serifluus) has a similar but stronger smell and a darker merek.
- A conditionally edible mushroom that is not in great demand among the population, although it is quite common.
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Lactarius fuliginosus: Milky brownish, milky dark brown, sooty milky
Etiket ∅ 4-10 cm, thin and fragile, convex at first, then funnel-shaped with a recess in the center, with folded edges and, sometimes, radial cracks. The skin is dark brown or chocolate in color, dry, velvety.
The plates are relatively frequent, not wide and slightly descending along the stem, from ocher to pink-brown.
The spore powder is pale buffy, the spores are pale yellow, spherical, ∅ 9 µm, with a mesh surface.
Leg 4-10 cm in height, ∅ 1-1.5 cm, cylindrical, as velvety as the tera, from pale brown to almost white, the base of the leg is white.
The flesh is whitish, turns pink on the cut, dense, but fragile. It has a slight fruity odor and a sharp taste.
The milky juice is thick, white, acrid, acquires a pinkish tint in the air.
The color of the cap varies from off-white to brown-buff, with age the skin becomes lighter and covered with blurry spots. The leg may be white or brown with dark spots. The plates change color from fawn to bluish and then pink-brown. The flesh turns yellow with age.
Forms mycorrhiza with oak, beech. It grows in deciduous forests and clearings, common in Europe. Fruiting bodies grow singly or in large groups.
Season: July – mid-September.
- Other lactifers with a dark brown tanda and pinkish milky sap are found under coniferous trees:
- Resinous black milky (Lactarius picinus)
- Brown milky milky (Lactarius lignyotus) is darker, the stem is longer, the plates are wider, it changes color more slowly.
- Lactarius pterosporus with brighter stempel and ribbed spores.
Conditionally edible mushroom, used fresh and salted. It is considered inedible by European authors.
Lamellar hat mushroom with milky juice. The segel of adult mushrooms reaches 10-20 cm in diameter, convex, with a noticeable depression in the center, with scattered fibers over the entire surface, forming a “fringe” up to 1 cm long along the edge, the edge is first turned up, then unfolds. In the center, the cap is usually slimy in wet weather. The color of the surface is yellowish or ocher-yellow, protruding fibers are ocher, more brightly colored. Hymenophore plates descending to the stem, often branching near it, pinkish-buffy-yellow.
The flesh is fleshy, tough, fragile like all members of the family, pale yellow, sometimes pinkish in the stem. The milky juice is white at first, turning noticeably yellow in air, with a pungent, pungent taste, with a fruity odor sometimes described as that of an “overripe limau.” Upon contact with a solution of KOH, the bubur kertas becomes egg-yellow, the milky juice becomes orange.
Leg strong, cylindrical or tapering downwards, 4-8 cm long and 2-4.5 cm in kaliber, hollow with age. The surface is colored in yellowish-yellow tones, sometimes with a few inconspicuous darker spots at the base, in young mushrooms it is velvety-hairy, this characteristic feature usually remains in adult mushrooms only at the base.
The spore print is pale ocher, often pale pinkish. Spores 7.5-8.5 x 6 µm, broadly elliptical to almost spherical, with a well-defined reticulate pattern and a few isolated warts.
Like many lactic mushrooms, it is considered an inedible or conditionally edible mushroom, it has a bitter taste that requires a long soaking when salting.
- The most characteristic features of the fringed mushroom are strong flesh, a noticeable dry “fringe” along the edge of the jenama and the base of the stem, which is hairy even in adult mushrooms. The most related European species are Lactarius scrobiculatus, Lactarius aquizonatus, Lactarius resimus, Lactarius auriolla, Lactarius leonis, Lactarius intermedius, Lactarius olivinus and Lactarius tuomikoskii. Of these, it is easiest to confuse this species with L. aquizonatus and L. resimus, also growing under deciduous trees.
- Lactarius aquizonatus Kytöv., 1984 grows in coniferous and deciduous forests with birch, pine, willow or aspen. It is distinguished by watery zones closer to the edge of the cap, moist fringed fibers along the edge, sometimes disappearing with age, more pronounced spots on the stem and the absence of pubescence at its base.
- Lactarius resimus (Fr.) Fr., 1838 – The real mushroom – grows in various types of forest, often with birch or pine. It is distinguished by a short “fringe” along the edge of the cap, which soon disappears, a smooth, sticky surface of the cap that remains white for a long time, and the absence of a hairy base of the stem.
- Lactarius pubescens (Schrad.) Fr., 1838 – White volnushka – found under a birch. The milky juice of this species does not change color in the air. The segel is noticeably fibrous, with long, intertwining hairs on the margin. The stalk is white, often with an orange or pinkish area.
- Widespread in Europe, but rare everywhere. It forms mycorrhiza with birch, oak, beech, hornbeam, hazel, and is also found in mixed forests.
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Cap ∅ 3-9 cm, flat or depressed with a central tubercle and a smooth edge. The skin is dry, velvety, brown to sandy in color.
The plates are descending, narrow, creamy, darkening with age. Basidia 35-42×13-14.5 µm. Fusiform cystids, 52-66×12-16.5 µm.
Spore powder of cream or light ocher color. Spores 8-10 × 6.5-8 µm, spinal ornamentation with ridges up to 3 µm high.
Leg 3-7 cm in height, ∅ up to 1 cm, cylindrical, hard, naked, of the same color with a hat or lighter to white.
The pulp is white, dense, fresh, after a while – sharp, odorless.
The milky juice is white, becoming orange-pink in air.
It occurs in broad-leaved and mixed forests with oak, aspen, birch. Large groups. Eurasia.
Season: August – September.
Cap 2-10 cm, smooth, concave in mature mushrooms, with a slightly wavy edge. The skin is moist in wet weather, naked, smooth, of various shades of ocher, darker in the center, with pronounced concentric zones.
The plates are relatively sparse, thin, with plates and anastomoses, slightly descending, the same color as the stempel, but lighter.
Spore powder is ocher.
Leg up to 10 cm tall, ∅ up to 1.5 cm, cylindrical, hollow, hard, bare, wet in wet weather, with a smooth surface, lighter than the cap.
The pulp is dense, white, sharp, odorless.
The milky juice is white and does not change color in the air.
It is easy to find a milker in broad-leaved forests under oaks.
Lactarius pallidus: Milky pale, milky pale yellow
Hat ∅ 4-12 cm, convex at first, then funnel-depressed. The skin is smooth, slimy, pale buffy-yellow.
The plates are descending along the stem, sometimes branched, of the same color as the merek.
The spore powder is pale buff. Spores 8 × 6.5 µm, almost round, spiny, amyloid.
Leg 7-9 cm in height, ∅ up to 1.5 cm, of the same color with a hat, cylindrical, hollow, smooth.
The flesh is thick, white or creamy, with a pleasant smell and slightly spicy taste.
The milky juice is plentiful, white, tasteless, then becomes sharp, does not change color in the air.
Forms mycorrhiza with oak, beech. It is found quite rarely in oak forests and deciduous forests mixed with oak, in small groups.
Season: July – August.
- Sticky milkweed (Lactarius blennius) – conditionally edible, the milky juice darkens when dried, the fungus grows under birch trees.
- Lactarius curtus has a burning milky juice.
- Conditionally edible mushroom. It is used in salt form along with other mushrooms. Described in some reference books as inedible or suspect.
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The label reaches 4-14 cm in diameter, first convex, then flattened and depressed. The color is grass-green, sometimes yellowish-brown, but not grayish or lilac. The skin is shiny, and slimy, peeling off for about one-third of the cap.
The plates are at first quite frequent, fragile, then diverging, almost free from the stem, occasionally branching next to it.
The leg is cylindrical, white, becoming covered with brownish spots with age.
The flesh is strong, white, then yellowish. The taste is sweetish, the plates are pungent, the smell is subtle.
Cream colored spore powder. Spores 6-10×5-7 µm, elliptical, warty, with a very incomplete reticulum. Cap cuticle hyphae unswollen, filiform, with rectangular cells.
Edible has a pleasant non-bitter taste.
The species is widely distributed in deciduous and mixed forests of Europe, forms mycorrhiza with drooping birch and downy birch.
Russula green is included in a complex of species that differ only in microscopic structure.
Russula anatina Romagn., 1967 grows under oak, beech and hornbeam.
Russula subterfurcata Romagn., 1967 with strongly branching blades at the stem grows under oak and beech. It also differs in the structure of the skin of the merek.
Russula pseudoaeruginea (Romagn.) Kuyper & Vuure, 1985 grows under oak and beech. Differs in the microscopic structure of the cuticle.
Russula amethyst, Russula bluish
The cap is thin, hemispherical in young mushrooms, then opens to a flattened and slightly depressed, up to 4-7 (10) cm in diameter. The edge is blunt, ribbed. The cuticle (skin) is separated over most of the skop, dry (slightly sticky in young mushrooms), wine-brown and purple tones predominate in color, there is an annular zone with the darkest color.
The plates adherent to the stem, sedang-frequent, buffy.
Leg 4-8 × 1-2 cm, tapering downwards, fragile, quickly becomes hollow, white, soon darkens to yellowish and brownish.
The flesh is brittle, white or the color of the stem, without noticeable taste, at the base of the stem with an odor reminiscent of iodoform.
The spore print is a quite intense yellow.
Edible mushroom. Forms mycorrhiza with deciduous and coniferous species oak and spruce. Appears in late summer-early autumn in groups, occasionally.
Widely distributed in the temperate zone of the Northern Hemisphere.
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The cap reaches 5-18 cm in sengkang, at first convex, then depressed and funnel-shaped, with a whitish surface, often with dark yellowish or reddish-brown zones, often cracking in dry weather. The skin is poorly developed.
The plates are usually quite frequent, slightly descending to the stalk, occasionally intertwined, cream, indistinctly bluish closer to the stalk, in old mushrooms often with brownish spots.
The stem is very strong, white, like a hat, often with irregular brownish spots, in the upper part in most cases bluish and narrower than in the lower part.
The flesh is strong, white, with a sharp taste and a noticeable smell, reminiscent of some species of the genus Milky.
Spore powder is white or light cream in color.
Edible, but has a rather bland taste.
The species is widely distributed in Eurasia, found mainly on the edges of coniferous, deciduous, and mixed forests, often found under birch, oak, beech, spruce, pine, alder, or aspen.
The cap reaches 5-14 cm in diameter, very strong, at first hemispherical, then convex, flattened and slightly depressed. The color is ocher-brown, sometimes darker in the center, sometimes with wine-red zones. The skin is thick, being removed for about half of the keunggulan.
The plates are frequent, branching at the stem, adhering to it, cream or light ocher in color, in old mushrooms with rusty-brown spots.
The leg is cylindrical or obverse-conical, very strong, made, then with characteristic cavities, white, slightly turning brown with age.
The flesh is strong, white, and yellowish under the skin, turning yellow or turning brown with age. The smell is dry weather is cheesy, in wet weather, it is hardly noticeable, the taste is sweetish. For iron(II) sulfate, the reaction is pink-orange.
Spore powder of light cream color.
Edible, strong mushroom with a pleasant taste. The species is widely distributed in the mountain coniferous forests of Eurasia and North America and is practically absent on the plains. Forms mycorrhiza with spruce, less often with oak.
- Sometimes smooth-skinned russula looks like a valui, but it has an unpleasant odor, pungent taste, and a hat with a ribbed edge.
The cap reaches 5-11 cm in sengkang, thinly fleshy, convex at first, then flattened and flattened-depressed, with a furrowed edge. The skin is removed for most of the jenama, sticky in wet weather, colored in dark purple or brick red tones, then paler.
The plates are quite frequent, often branching near the stem, adherent, white, then light cream.
The stalk is usually cylindrical or fusiform, soon spongy and hollow, white, strongly dirty-yellowing when damaged.
The flesh is very brittle, white, strongly yellowing in the air, without a special smell, sweetish in taste.
Cream-colored spore powder.
- Russula elegans Bres., 1882 grows under poplar, turns yellow slightly.
- Russula nitida (Pers.) Fr., 1838 grows under a birch, almost does not turn yellow when damaged, well defined by a noticeably radially furrowed edge.
- Russula odorata Romagn., 1950 grows in the oak forests of the Mediterranean, more fleshy, with a strong fruity smell.
- Russula puellula Ebbesen, FHMøller & Jul.Schäff., 1937 grows under beech, does not turn yellow.
- Russula versicolor Jul.Schäff., 1931 is the closest species, also turning yellow when damaged, growing under birch and alder.
The species is widely distributed throughout Eurasia, forms mycorrhiza with both coniferous and deciduous trees, is common, and most often found under spruce, also under pine, fir, beech, and oak.
The cap reaches 5-11 cm in garis tengah, at first hemispherical, then convex and flattened-depressed. The coloration is very diverse: wine-red, light pink, lilac-brown (f. vesca), beige (f. romellii), greenish-brown (f. viridata), light gray (f. neglecta), rarely pure white ( f. lactea). The peel is removed halfway, from an early age it exposes the edge of the cap.
The plates are quite frequent, often branching near the stem, adherent, white, then light cream.
The stem is usually cylindrical, strong, white, often yellow-brown at the base, sometimes with a faint shade of the etiket.
The flesh is strong, white, under the skin with a corresponding shade, without much odor, with a slight nutty taste.
Spore powder white. Spores 5.5-8.5 x 4.5-6.5 µm, ovate, finely warty, with almost no reticulum. Pileocystidia are cylindrical or club-shaped.
Edible, is one of the most highly valued members of the genus.
Russula xerampelina (Schaeff.) Fr., 1838 grows mainly under coniferous trees, has a noticeable herring smell.
The species is widely distributed throughout Eurasia, and prefers broad-leaved forests with oak, beech, and other species; it is absent in mountain forests.
The cap reaches 5-15 cm in penampang, first hemispherical, then convex and flattened-depressed. Coloring from gray-green to dark green, part with buffy zones. The peel is cracked into small angular scales, removed for half of the cap.
The plates are quite frequent, often intertwined near the stem, almost free from the stem, cream, often with brownish spots.
The leg is usually cylindrical, strong, white, sometimes reddish-brown, in the lower part occasionally cracking into brownish scales.
The flesh is strong, white, with a slight sweetish or nutty taste, with a very slight smell. The reaction to iron(II) sulfate is pinkish or pink-brown.
Spore powder white.
Edible, is one of the most highly valued members of the genus.
- Russula parvovirescens Buyck, D.Mitch. & Parrent, 2006 native to eastern North America with a bluish-green tera.
- Russula subgraminicolor Murrill, 1943 is known from the southeast of North America; it differs only in its inconspicuously cracking stempel.
The species is widely distributed throughout Eurasia, preferring broad-leaved forests with oak, beech and other species.
Lactarius hygrophoroides Edible.
Hat ∅ 4-8 cm, dry, convex, then kondominium or depressed, orange-brown.
The plates are rare, white or cream-colored, with protruding milky juice, descending.
Spore powder white.
Leg ∅ 0.5-1.5 cm, 3-7 cm tall, orange-brown.
The flesh is brittle, white, with milky juice that does titinada change color on the cut.
Forms mycorrhiza mainly with oak. Grows in forests.
- Lactarius corrugis – red-brown logo, with a wrinkled edge, buffy plates, milky juice turns brown in the air.
- Lactarius volemus – Red-brown breast.
The cap is dry, yellow-orange, with characteristic concentric circles. The plates are slightly descending to the leg, frequent, yellowish. Leg yellow-brown. The flesh is whitish, with a fruity smell and a burning taste. Spore powder is ocher.
It grows in deciduous and mixed forests, often near oaks.
The mushroom is edible after soaking and salting.
Tera ∅ 3-7 cm, dense, but brittle, first convex, then apartemen and slightly depressed, sometimes with a small tubercle. The skin is brown, matte, smooth or slightly wrinkled.
The flesh is brittle, with a slight unpleasant odor of crushed bug or rubber, and a bitter taste. When cut, it secretes a liquid milky juice of a watery-white color, at first sweetish, but immediately beginning to give off bitterness.
The plates are frequent, narrow, slightly descending, whitish at first, becoming light brown with a pink tint with age.
Leg 3-7 cm in height, ∅ 1-1.5 cm, cylindrical, may be narrowed at the base, with longitudinal fleecy stripes.
Spore powder from cream to pinkish, spores 7.5×6 µm, almost round, reticulate, amyloid.
The color of the cap and stem can vary from rusty red to dark brown. The plates are whitish at first, then pinkish with a purple tint. The color of the bubur kertas can be white or hazel.
Forms mycorrhiza with deciduous trees, mainly beech and oak. It grows in deciduous forests, in moss, on litter, sometimes in damp places, in groups. The season is from the beginning of July to October (massively at the end of August and at the end of September).
- Bitter (Lactarius rufus). Rubella differs from it in a darker, burgundy color and non-caustic milky juice.
- Euphorbia (Lactarius volemus) is easily distinguished by its larger size, fleshy texture and abundantly flowing milky juice.
Conditionally edible mushroom, used salted, sometimes pickled. Often considered inedible.
Hat ∅ 2-6 cm, convex at first, then funnel-shaped with a small tubercle, thin. Apricot skin, velvety, dry, without concentric zones.
The plates are adherent or descending, thin, of medium frequency, cream, sometimes with reddish spots.
Spore powder is creamy pink. Spores 9 × 7 µm, ornamented, amyloid.
Leg 3-8 cm in height, ∅ 0.8-1.2 cm, cylindrical, dense, then hollow, of the same color with a tanda, lighter in the upper part.
The pulp is dense, orange, pale yellow or pale orange under the skin, without much odor.
The milky juice is white, watery, does not change color in the air, non-caustic.
Yellowish plates become bright ocher with age.
Forms mycorrhiza with birch, rarely with oak and spruce, in moss and on litter, singly and in small groups, quite often.
Season: mid-July – October (massively throughout August and September).
- Brownish milkweed (Lactarius fuliginosus), from which it differs in a darker color of the label and stem, thin flesh, long stem and place of growth.
- Lactarius fulvissimus is larger, reddish-orange, with a sharp unpleasant odor
Conditionally edible mushroom of low quality used salted or pickled. Often considered inedible in Europe.
In conclusion, mushrooms that grow under oak trees and also on oak tree are a great way to get introduced to the hobby of mushroom hunting. They are easy to find, and their taste is mild. Make sure you are aware of the poisonous mushrooms that may look similar, and always consult a guide before eating any mushrooms you find.
What Mushrooms Grow on Oak Trees