How to Count Pips in Forex – The Ultimate Guide


When it comes to trading in the foreign exchange (forex) market, precision and accuracy are paramount. Whether you’re a seasoned pro or just starting your trading journey, understanding how to count pips is crucial for maximizing your success. This guide will take you through the intricacies of pip counting, empowering you with the knowledge to navigate the forex market with confidence.

How To Count Pips in Forex on TradingView & MetaTrader4 (iPhone) - YouTube

Understanding Pips

In forex trading, pips represent the smallest unit of price movement for a currency pair. They are typically represented as the last decimal place in the quoted price. For example, if the euro (EUR) is trading against the U.S. dollar (USD) at 1.1234, the last digit (4) is the pip value. A movement of one pip in this case would result in the price changing to 1.1235.

Calculating the Pip Value

The pip value is determined by the quoted currency, also known as the quote currency. In our previous example, the quote currency is the USD. To calculate the pip value, you need to divide the quoted currency by 10,000. In this case, the pip value would be 0.0001 USD (1 / 10,000).

Counting Pips

Counting pips involves analyzing the difference between two currency prices. When the price increases, the currency pair has gained pips, while a decrease indicates a loss in pips. The formula for counting pips is as follows:

Pips = (Current Price - Previous Price) / Pip Value

TRADING BASICS | What is a Pip? 📚 for BITSTAMP:BTCUSD by VasilyTrader ...

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Practical Applications

Counting pips is essential for various trading strategies:

  • Measuring Profit and Loss: By calculating the difference between the entry and exit prices, you can determine your profit or loss in pips.
  • Setting Stop-Loss and Take-Profit Orders: Knowing the pip value allows you to accurately place stop-loss and take-profit orders, safeguarding your profits and limiting potential losses.
  • Calculating Trading Risk: Before entering a trade, it’s crucial to assess the potential risk involved. By counting pips, you can estimate the maximum loss you’re willing to tolerate.
  • Analyzing Market Volatility: Counting pips helps you gauge the volatility of a currency pair. High pip ranges indicate a more volatile market, while smaller ranges suggest a stable market.

Expert Insights

“Mastering pip counting is a fundamental skill for successful forex traders,” says renowned currency trader David Nagel. “It allows you to measure price movements with precision, make informed decisions, and manage your trades effectively.”

“Precision is key in forex trading,” emphasizes currency analyst Jennifer Morales. “By accurately counting pips, you eliminate errors and ensure that your trades are executed as intended.”

How To Count Pips


Counting pips is an indispensable skill in the realm of forex trading. By understanding how to calculate and interpret pip movements, you empower yourself to trade with precision, manage risk, and navigate market fluctuations with confidence. Embrace this guide as a valuable resource in your trading journey, and remember that the pursuit of knowledge and refinement is the cornerstone of success.

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